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Complementary colours

Complementary colours

Item no.: P1066300

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In this experiment, the students first review their knowledge of the dispersion of light by a prism and the reuniting of spectral colours with the aid of a converging lens. The main emphasis of the investigations is one the observation of the secondary colours that arise when individual spectral colours are blocked out of the spectrum. What should be learnt is that the secondary colour (the complementary colour) and the blocked out spectral colour, when recombined, produce white again. As a memory aid for complementary colours, a simple scheme is given which adequately fits the findings. The complete Newton colour circle and the findings of Helmholtz on complementary colours are not gone into here.
This experiment is also to be seen as a foundation for the understanding of additive and subtractive colour mixing.


  • Multifunctional light box - All-in-one: Can be used for geometric optics on the table, colour mixing and on an optical bench
  • Extension with others sets at anytime, no additional light sources needed, recognition value for students


What are complementary colours? Fade out individual colours of the spectrum from white light and investigate which secondary colours appear.

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p1066300e.pdf Experiment guide, English 303.21 KB

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