Haloalkanes react with magnesium to the so-called Grignard
reagents in accordance with the general formula RMgX. With X =
bromide or iodide, the reaction works best. Chlorides are usually
more inert and require higher temperatures and longer reaction
times for the conversion. The compounds that were discovered by
Victor Grignard probably exist as dimeric structures.
Investigate the reaction of n-propyl bromide with magnesium
turnings in tetrahydrofuran.
What you can learn about
- n-propyl bromide
- Grignard reagent
- Organometallic compounds
- Precision balance 620g/0.001g