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Helium Neon laser, basic set

Helium Neon laser, basic set

Item no.: P2260701

Experiment Type: Teacher Experiment, Laboratory Experiment

Difficulty Expenditure of Time print
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The difference between spontaneous and stimulated emission of light is demonstrated. The beam propagation within the resonator cavity of a He-Ne laser and its divergence are determined, its stability criterion is checked and the relative output power of the laser is measured as a function of the tube's position inside the resonator and of the tube current. The following items can be realised with advanced set 08656-02. By means of a birefringent tuner and a Littrow prism different wavelengths can be selected and quantitatively determined if a monochromator is available. Finally you can demonstrate the existence of longitudinal modes and the gain profile of the He-Ne laser provided an analysing Fabry Perot system is at your disposal.


  • set up and run a laser, that is by now classic, from its constituting elements
  • get a feel for the delicate adjustments necessary to achieve lasing conditions
  • dicover the way many parameters can influence the output of this gas laser


  1. Set up the He-Ne laser. Adjust the resonator mirrors by use of the pilot laser (left mirror: VIS, HR, plane; right mirror: VIS, HR, R = 700 mm).
  2. Check on the stability condition of a hemispherical resonator.
  3. Measure the integral relative output power as a function of the laser tube's position within the hemispherical resonator.
  4. Measure the beam diameter within the hemispherical resonator right and left of the laser tube.
  5. Determine the divergence of the laser beam.
  6. Measure the integral relative output power as a function of the tube current.

The He-Ne laser can be tuned using a BFT or a LTP. Longitudinal modes can be observed by use of a Fabry Perot Etalon of low finesse. Remark: These points can only be covered quantitatively if a monochromator and an analysing Fabry Perot system are available.

What you can learn about

  • Spontaneous and stimulated light emission
  • Inversion
  • Collision of second type
  • Gas discharge tube
  • Resonator cavity
  • Transverse and longitudinal resonator modes
  • Birefringence
  • Brewster angle
  • Littrow prism
  • Fabry Perot Etalon
Document     Filesize
p2260701e.pdf Experiment guide, English 2.26 MB

Helium-Neon Laser

Helium-Neon Laser

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