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Reflection and absorption of sound

Reflection and absorption of sound

Item no.: P6012000

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Principle

In our everyday lives, we encounter different types of noise. It is often produced by others, which is why it disturbs us. Sometimes, however, it is the sounds that we produce ourselves that reverberate loudly in a room. This is why there are two ways of reducing sound: sound insulation (sound reflection) and sound damping (sound absorption).

Sound insulation prevents sound from being transmitted through a wall so that the neighbours will not be disturbed. This is basically achieved by a reflection of the sound at the wall. The absorption into the wall can be neglected for sound insulation.

This is in contrast to sound damping: An empty room with highly reflecting walls, floor, and ceiling is very loud. This is why for good room acoustics, sound-absorbing objects (furniture, carpets) or wall panels are installed. In concert halls or recording studios, sound damping is optimised by an arrangement of porous damping materials on or in front of the walls, for example.

Benefits

  • Experiment is part of an experiment set with a total of 22 experiments about generation, propagation and perception of sound, oscillations and waves
  • Particularly appropriate as an experiment for first contact with physics in general
  • With graphic student worksheets
  • With detailed instructor information
  • Optimized for tight schedules, i.e. minimum preparation time required

Tasks

Measure the sound transmission through solid walls made of paper or cardboard. Measure the reflection of a sound pulse on a solid wall and examine the effect of felt arrangements in front of the wall.

What you can learn about

  • Sound transmission
  • Reflection
  • Absorption
  • Room acoustics

 

Document     Filesize
p6012000e.pdf Experiment guide, English 436.9 KB

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