A beam of potassium atoms generated in a hot furnace travels along a specific path in a magnetic two-wire field. Because of the magnetic moment of the potassium atoms, the non-homogeneity of the field applies a force at right angles to the direction of their motion. The potassium atoms are thereby deflected from their path. By measuring the density of the beam of particles in a plane of detection lying behind the magnetic field, it is possible to draw conclusions as to the magnitude and direction of the magnetic moment of the potassium atoms.
- Recording the distribution of the particle beam density in the detection plane in the absence of the effective magnetic field.
- Fitting a curve consisting of a straight line, a parabola, and another straight line, to the experimentally determined special distribution of the particle beam density.
- Determining the dependence of the particle beam density in the detection plane with different values of the non-homogeneity of the effective magnetic field.
- Investigating the positions of the maxima of the particle beam density as a function of the non-homogeneity of the magnetic field.
What you can learn about
- Magnetic moment
- Bohr magneton
- Directional quantization
- Electron spin
- Atomic beam
- Maxwellian velocity distribution
- Two-wire field