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The Zener diode as voltage stabiliser

The Zener diode as voltage stabiliser

Item no.: P1378000

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Principle

The sharp increase in the characteristic current-voltage curve for Zener diodes above the breakdown voltage makes it suitable for stabilising small direct voltages. When the input voltage is increased beyond the breakdown voltage, the current increases sharply while the diode resistance gets smaller and smaller. Therefore, the voltage at the Zener diode remains nearly constant.
A resistor must be insert to ensure that the maximum allowable dissipation power for the Zener diode is not exceeded.
If a load resistor is connected in parallel to the Zener diode, the current flowing through the Zener diode is reduced in favour of the load current. Stabilisation is interrupted when there is no more current flowing through the Zener diode. For this reason, the use of Zener diodes is limited to relatively small load currents. Electronic regulation circuits are used for larger loads.
There is a closely graduated selection of Zener diodes in the voltage range of 3 V to 200 V, meaning that there are diode types for any desired voltage.

Benefits

  • No additional cable connections between the building blocks needed - clear arragned and quick setup
  • Contact saftey due to puzzle blocks system
  • Corrosion-free gold plated contacts
  • Doubled earning sucess: Electric circuit diagram on top, real components can be seen unterside

Tasks

How can a Zener diode be used to stabilise direct voltage?

Investigate the functioning of a voltage stabiliser with a Zener diode.

 

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