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Velocity of sound using Kundt's tube and digital function generator

Velocity of sound using Kundt's tube and digital function generator

Item no.: P2150605

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Principle

Cork dust in a glass tube is set into tiniest motion by a sound wave. If the frequency of the sound wave matches the natural frequency of the volume in the glass tube, a standing wave will form. The cork dust then assembles in visible patterns that show the nodes of pressure and motion of the standing wave. From the length of the volume and the number of the nodes the velocity of sound in the tube can be calculated for each natural frequency.

Benefits

  • Two experiments in one: determination of the sound velocity and determination of the wavelength of standing waves
  • Easy frequency setting thanks to digital function generator

Tasks

Determine the velocity of sound in air using Kundt's tube at different lengths of volume.

What you can learn about

  • Longitudinal waves
  • Sound velocity in gases
  • Frequency
  • Wavelength
  • Stationary waves
  • Natural frequency
Document     Filesize
p2150605e.pdf Experiment guide, English 215.69 KB

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